ALFASI


ALFASI
ALFASI, family of Tunisian rabbis that originated in Fez, Morocco. MASʿUD RAPHAEL ALFASI (1700?–1774), halakhist and kabbalist. Born in Fez or Tunis, he studied in the latter under Ẓemaḥ Ẓarefati, Abraham Tayyib, and Isaac Lumbroso. He established a great yeshivah in Tunis that has continued to bear his name to this day, and served as chief rabbi there from 1741 until his death. His writings included a large work on Maimonides' Yad patterned on judah rosanes ' Mishneh la-Melekh (1731), and a commentary to the Talmud. Mishḥa de-Ravevata (2 vols., Leghorn, 1805) is a commentary on the Shulḥan Arukh and includes responsa. His homilies on the Pentateuch and for Sabbath and holy days are extant in manuscript (Ben-Zvi Institute, no. 713); his grandchildren came into possession of a work on the Zohar, the Idrot, and isaac luria 's kabbalistic works (see edition of zohar , leghorn , 1872). SOLOMON BEN MASʿUD RAPHAEL ALFASI (1721–1801), his son, succeeded his father as rabbi of Tunis. His work on the Shulḥan Arukh as well as his responsa are included in the second volume of his father's Mishḥa de-Ravevata. Keruv Mimeshaḥ (Leghorn, 1858) includes novellae on the Talmud and on Maimonides' Yad as well as a talmudic methodology. Alfasi was renowned as a pietist and a wonderworker; many miraculous tales were told about him. His brother ḤAYYIM BEN MASʿUD RAPHAEL (1756–1783) wrote novellae on the Shulḥan Arukh – entitled Ḥiddushei Maharḥa – which were included in his father's Mishḥa de-Ravevata (1805) and in his brother's Keruv Mimeshaḥ. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Cazès, Notes bibliographiques sur la littérature juive-tunisienne (1893), 157–68; Arditti, in: Revue Tunisienne, 2 (1931), 115–6.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Alfasi — Isaak ben Jakob Alfasi, auch Rif genannt (* 1013 in Qal at Hammad bei Constantine; † 1103 in Lucena, Spanien) war ein nordafrikanischer jüdischer Gelehrter des Mittelalters. Er gilt als wichtigste halachische Autorität vor Maimonides und ist der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALFASI, DAVID BEN ABRAHAM — (Ar. Abu Suleiman Dāʾūd ibn Ibrahim Al Fāsī; tenth century), Karaite grammarian   and commentator. Alfasi, who came from Fez, Morocco, spent a number of years in Ereẓ Israel where he composed a Hebrew Arabic lexicon of the Bible (Kitāb Jāmiʿ al… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alfasi, Isaac ben-Jacob — (1013–1103)    Spanish talmudic scholar. Alfasi was sometimes called Rif from the initials of Rabbi Isaac Fasi. He was born at Kal’at Hammad in North Africa, now in Algeria, and after studying in Kairouan, settled in Fez, in northern Morocco. The …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob — born 1013, near Fès, Mor. died 1103, Lucena, Spain Moroccan Jewish scholar. He spent most of his life in Fès, but in 1088 he was denounced to the government and was obliged to flee to Spain. He became head of the Jewish community in Lucena and… …   Universalium

  • Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob — (1013, cerca de Fez, Marruecos–1103, Lucena, España). Eminente talmudista judío marroquí. Pasó la mayor parte de su vida en Fez, pero en 1088 fue denunciado ante el gobierno y se vio obligado a huir a España. Se convirtió en el jefe de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfasi, David (David ben Abraham Alfasi) — (fl. 10th cent)    Karaite grammarian and commentator. Originally from Fez, he settled in Palestine. He composed a Hebrew Arabic lexicon of the Bible …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob (Rif) — (1013 1103)    North African talmudist. He lived in Fez. He was the author of a code of Jewish law, Sepher ha Halakhot, the most important code before the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Isaac Alfasi — Rabbi Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi (1013 1103) also Isaac Hakohen, Alfasi or the Rif (רי ף) was a Talmudist and posek (decisor in matters of halakha Jewish law). He is best known for his work of halakha , the legal code Sefer Ha halachot , considered… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaak Alfasi — Isaak ben Jakob Alfasi, auch Rif genannt (* 1013 in Al Qal a bei Constantine in Algerien; † 1103 in Lucena, Spanien), war ein nordafrikanischer jüdischer Gelehrter des Mittelalters. Er gilt als wichtigste halachische Autorität vor Maimonides und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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